Climbing is the activity of using one’s hands, feet, or any other part of the body to ascend a steep object. It is done recreationally, competitively, in trades that rely on it, and in emergency rescue and military operations. It is done indoors and out, on natural and manmade structures.
Climbing activities include: Bouldering: Ascending boulders or small outcrops, often with climbing shoes and a chalk bag or bucket. Usually, instead of using a safety rope from above, injury is avoided using a crash pad and a human spotter (to direct a falling climber on to the pad). Indoor : Top roping artificial walls with bolted holds in a gym. Mountaineering: Ascending mountains for sport or recreation. It often involves rock and/or ice climbing. Net: Climbing net structures. The structures consist of multiple interconnected steel reinforced ropes attached to the ground and steel poles. Climbing nets are usually installed on playgrounds to assist children in developing their balancing and skills. Pole : Climbing poles and masts without equipment. Lumberjack: tree-trimming and competitive tree-trunk or pole climbing for speed using spikes and belts. Rock: Ascending rock formations, often using climbing shoes and a chalk bag. Equipment such as ropes, bolts, nuts, hexes and camming devices are normally employed, either as a safeguard or for artificial aid. Rope: Climbing a short, thick rope for speed. Not to be confused with roped, as in rock or ice. Scrambling: Which includes easy rock climbing, and is considered part of hillwalking. Top roping: Ascending a rock route protected by a rope anchored at the top and protected by a belayer below. Tree climbing: Recreationally ascending trees using ropes and other protective equipment.